Do You Know the Rules of Baseball?
The rules of baseball are some of the most complex among all sports, scroll down and take our quiz to test your knowledge on the intricacies of the rules.
Two Books By Mark Littell
AutographedBuy either or both of Mark Littell's books and get them autographed and smeared with a bit of Bootheel Mud! One book is about his baseball career and one is about growing up as a redneck farm boy. Check It Out!
Small donations help in a big way!Check out our causes and get involved. Whether it's $10 or $1000 or more, every donation helps us get closer to our goal. Please get involved: donate today!
Do You Know the Rules of Baseball?
Who's out? Is Anybody Out?
With a runner on first base, the batter hits a line drive to the shortstop who intentionally knocks the ball down, grabs it and turns a double play. What is the ruling?
Dead Ball: Batter is out. Runner back to first base.
Official Rules of Baseball (ORB) 6.05(L) states
An infielder intentionally drops a fair fly ball or line drive, with first, first and second, first and third, or first, second and third base occupied before two are out. The ball is dead and runner or runners shall return to their original base or bases. APPROVED RULING: In this situation, the batter is not out if the infielder permits the ball to drop untouched to the ground, except when the Infield Fly rule applies.Here we see the rule called on Hanley Ramirez. Note second base umpire is wrong and then corrected. He calls DEAD BALL (correct) but then says the runner is out (incorrect) and awards the batter first base. You can see the umpire acknowledge being overruled by the home plate umpire and the runner is left on first and the batter called out.
Foul or Fair Ball?
Batter hits a line drive toward the pitcher who does not touch the ball, the ball hits the rubber and bounces back between first and home and rolls into foul territory. If no fielder has touched the ball in fair territory, what happens?
In Rule 2.0 Foul ball there is a comment:
Rule 2.00 (Foul Ball) Comment: A batted ball not touched by a fielder, which hits the pitcher’s rubber and rebounds into foul territory, between home and first, or between home and third base is a foul ball.
Is runner out if...?
Runner on Second. Batted ball deflects off pitcher and then hits runner who continues on to third. Short-stop was in position to make the play before ball hit runner.
Ball remains live, runners advance at own peril.
The key in this case is that the pitcher becomes an infielder if he makes a play on or the ball touches him. Also, the fact whether the shortstop can make the play is no longer relevant once the ball contacts the pitcher.
Rule 5.05(b)(4) of Official Rules of Baseball (ORD):
(b) The batter becomes a runner and is entitled to first base without liability to be put out (provided he advances to and touches first base) when:
(4) A fair ball touches an umpire or a runner on fair territory before touching a fielder. If a fair ball touches an umpire after having passed a fielder other than the pitcher, or having touched a fielder, including the pitcher, the ball is in play.
Rule 5.06(c)(6) Official Rules of Baseball (ORD):
If a fair ball touches a runner after being deflected by an infielder, the ball is in play and the umpire shall not declare the runner out;
But is runner out if...?
Runner on second. Batter hits ball past 3rd baseman and strikes the runner before the shortstop can make a play on the ball.
What is the ruling?
Dead ball. Runner is out. Batter awarded 1st.
If you were paying attention to the last question, you got this one right.
Rule 5.06(c)(4) of the Official Rules of Baseball (ORB) states:
If a fair ball goes through, or by, an infielder, no other infielder has a chance to make a play on the ball and the ball touches a runner immediately behind the infielder that the ball went through, or by, the ball is in play and the umpire shall not declare the runner out.
If the umpire deems that the shortstop can make a play on the ball, he declares "Dead Ball" and the runner is out.
Is it a double?
Batter hits a ball into outfield, rounds first and slides safely into second avoiding the tag but then overslides the base. The runner is tagged out before he gets back to the bag. Is it scored as a double or single?
Hit is scored as a single.
Rule 9.06(c) in Official Rules of Baseball (ORB)
When the batter attempts to make a two-base hit or a three-base hit by sliding, he must hold the last base to which he advances. If a batter-runner overslides and is tagged out before getting back to the base safely, he shall be credited with only as many bases as he attained safely. If a batter-runner overslides second base and is tagged out, the official scorer shall credited him with a one-base hit; if the batter-runner overslides third base and is tagged out, the official scorer shall credit him with a two-base hit.
For the same reason, when stealing a base if the runner overslides the base and is tagged out before returning to it. The runner is "caught stealing" and no stolen base is awarded.
How many bases do the runners get?
Runners on 1st and 2nd, batter hits ball and fielder throws glove at and touches the ball. How many bases are the runners and batter-runner awarded each?
Rule 5.06(b)(4)(B) of Official Rules of Baseball (ORB)
(B) Three bases, if a fielder deliberately touches a fair ball with his cap, mask or any part of his uniform detached from its proper place on his person. The ball is in play and the batter may advance to home base at his peril;
So all runners are scored and the batter is awarded 3rd base and can go home at his own peril.
Runner on 3rd with 1 out. When pitcher starts motion, runner takes off to steal home. In moving into position, the catcher steps in front of home plate, receives the ball from the pitcher and tags the runner before he touches home plate. What happens?
Catcher's Interference. Runner Scores. Batter to First.
Rule 6.01(g) of Official Rules of Baseball:
Interference With Squeeze Play or Steal of Home If, with a runner on third base and trying to score by means of a squeeze play or a steal, the catcher or any other fielder steps on, or in front of home base without possession of the ball, or touches the batter or his bat, the pitcher shall be charged with a balk, the batter shall be awarded first base on the interference and the ball is dead.